The recent trilateral defense agreement between Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States includes technology sharing for its nuclear-powered submarines. But that difference from traditional arms sales could complicate the AUKUS deal.
- Erik Sand, assistant professor at the U.S. Naval War College, said transferring technology adds additional risk for the country sharing it and a stronger benefit to the recipient country, because that country can use this knowledge on its own.
- Chinese-Australian relations have declined since the spring of 2020, when Australia recommended the World Health Organization seriously investigate the origins of Covid-19, said Sand.
- Sand said the agreement benefits the United States by signaling the strength of its relationship with Australia, promoting further cooperation with Australia and making the country a more capable ally.